基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – Blazor 实战系列(一)

系列文章

  1. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 使用 abp cli 搭建项目
  2. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 给项目瘦身,让它跑起来
  3. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 完善与美化,Swagger登场
  4. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 数据访问和代码优先
  5. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 自定义仓储之增删改查
  6. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 统一规范API,包装返回模型
  7. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 再说Swagger,分组、描述、小绿锁
  8. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 接入GitHub,用JWT保护你的API
  9. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 异常处理和日志记录
  10. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 使用Redis缓存数据
  11. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 集成Hangfire实现定时任务处理
  12. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 用AutoMapper搞定对象映射
  13. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 定时任务最佳实战(一)
  14. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 定时任务最佳实战(二)
  15. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 定时任务最佳实战(三)
  16. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 博客接口实战篇(一)
  17. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 博客接口实战篇(二)
  18. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 博客接口实战篇(三)
  19. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 博客接口实战篇(四)
  20. 基于 abp vNext 和 .NET Core 开发博客项目 – 博客接口实战篇(五)

前言

从今天开始将使用 Blazor 完成博客的前端开发,如果你不了解 Blazor ,建议你还是去微软官网学习学习基础知识。本篇不做普及,因为这是实战系列,重点是完成项目开发。

还有,在开始 Blazor 实战之前,建议动手完成之前的系列文章,这样更有连贯性,不至于懵圈。

因为我也是第一次使用 Blazor 开发项目,所以无法保证代码的最优性,如果有不对的地方,或者有更好的做法,欢迎大家指正,谢谢。

接下来,我将现学现做带来一个完整的博客项目,来吧,Just do it 。

我这里选择的是 Blazor WebAssembly,需要你有 .NET Core 3.1 的开发环境,并且你还要有 Visual Studio 2019 IDE。

给大家看看我的开发环境,终端工具是:Window Terminal ,配置一下用起来太爽了,五星强烈推荐。

搭建

Blazor WebAssembly 是一个单页应用框架,可用它通过 .NET 生成交互式客户端 Web 应用。 Blazor WebAssembly 使用开放的 Web 标准(没有插件或代码转换),适用于移动浏览器等各种新式 Web 浏览器。

不啰嗦了,直接开干吧,在项目中新建 Blazor Web 应用。

然后将项目设置为启动项目,Ctrl+F5 运行一下看看,官网默认示例我这里也懒得说了,直接进入主题吧。

改造

我这里使用的UI还是我目前博客的样式,你可以选择任意你喜欢的UI界面,这部分就随意了,不是本实战系列的重点,所以有关样式这些东西我就直接 Ctrl CV 了。

替换下面css代码到 wwwroot/css/app.css 中。

点击查看代码

*,
*:after,
*:before {
	-webkit-box-sizing: border-box;
	-moz-box-sizing: border-box;
	box-sizing: border-box;
}

html {
	line-height: 1.15;
	-webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%;
}

body {
	margin: 0;
}

h1 {
	font-size: 2em;
	margin: 0.67em 0;
}

hr {
	box-sizing: content-box;
	height: 0;
	overflow: visible;
}

pre {
	font-family: monospace, monospace;
	font-size: 1em;
}

a {
	background-color: transparent;
}

abbr[title] {
	border-bottom: none;
	text-decoration: underline;
	text-decoration: underline dotted;
}

b,
strong {
	font-weight: bolder;
}

code,
kbd,
samp {
	font-family: monospace, monospace;
	font-size: 1em;
}

small {
	font-size: 80%;
}

sub,
sup {
	font-size: 75%;
	line-height: 0;
	position: relative;
	vertical-align: baseline;
}

sub {
	bottom: -0.25em;
}

sup {
	top: -0.5em;
}

img {
	border-style: none;
}

button,
input,
optgroup,
select,
textarea {
	font-family: inherit;
	font-size: 100%;
	line-height: 1.15;
	margin: 0;
}

button,
input {
	overflow: visible;
}

button,
select {
	text-transform: none;
}

button,
[type="button"],
[type="reset"],
[type="submit"] {
	-webkit-appearance: button;
}

button::-moz-focus-inner,
    [type="button"]::-moz-focus-inner,
    [type="reset"]::-moz-focus-inner,
    [type="submit"]::-moz-focus-inner {
	border-style: none;
	padding: 0;
}

button:-moz-focusring,
    [type="button"]-moz-focusring,
    [type="reset"]-moz-focusring,
    [type="submit"]-moz-focusring {
	outline: 1px dotted ButtonText;
}

fieldset {
	padding: 0.35em 0.75em 0.625em;
}

legend {
	box-sizing: border-box;
	color: inherit;
	display: table;
	max-width: 100%;
	padding: 0;
	white-space: normal;
}

progress {
	vertical-align: baseline;
}

textarea {
	overflow: auto;
}

[type="checkbox"],
[type="radio"] {
	box-sizing: border-box;
	padding: 0;
}

[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button,
[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button {
	height: auto;
}

[type="search"] {
	-webkit-appearance: textfield;
	outline-offset: -2px;
}

    [type="search"]::-webkit-search-decoration {
	-webkit-appearance: none;
}

::-webkit-file-upload-button {
	-webkit-appearance: button;
	font: inherit;
}

details {
	display: block;
}

summary {
	display: list-item;
}

template {
	display: none;
}

[hidden] {
	display: none;
}

@font-face {
	font-family: 'Fira Code Medium';
    src: url('https://static.meowv.com/fonts/FiraCode-Medium.woff2') format('woff2'), url("https://static.meowv.com/fonts/FiraCode-Medium.woff") format("woff");
    font-weight: 500;
    font-style: normal;
}

html {
	font-family: 'Fira Code Medium', Microsoft Yahei, monospace;
	overflow-x: hidden;
}

html::-webkit-scrollbar {
	width: 5px;
	height: 5px;
}

html::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb {
	height: 20px;
	background-color: #5A9600;
}

html::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb:hover {
	background-color: #5A9600;
}

body {
	font-size: 11pt;
	font-weight: normal;
	line-height: 2em;
	background-color: #fff;
	color: #161209;
	transition: color 0.2s ease, border-color 0.2s ease, background 0.2s ease, opacity 0.2s ease;
}

body:before {
	content: "";
	background-repeat: no-repeat;
	background-position: center;
	opacity: 0.05;
	position: fixed;
	top: 0;
	left: 0;
	width: 100%;
	height: 100%;
	z-index: -1;
}

body.dark-theme {
	background-color: #292a2d;
	color: #a9a9b3;
	transition: color 0.2s ease, border-color 0.2s ease, background 0.2s ease, opacity 0.2s ease;
}

a {
	color: #161209;
	text-decoration: none;
	transition: color 0.2s ease, border-color 0.2s ease, background 0.2s ease, opacity 0.2s ease;
	cursor: pointer;
}

a:hover {
	color: #5A9600;
	text-decoration: none;
	transition: color 0.2s ease, border-color 0.2s ease, background 0.2s ease, opacity 0.2s ease;
}

.dark-theme a {
	color: #a9a9b3;
	text-decoration: none;
	transition: color 0.2s ease, border-color 0.2s ease, background 0.2s ease, opacity 0.2s ease;
}

.dark-theme a:hover {
	color: #fff;
	text-decoration: none;
	transition: color 0.2s ease, border-color 0.2s ease, background 0.2s ease, opacity 0.2s ease;
}

.wrapper {
	display: flex;
	flex-direction: column;
	min-height: 100vh;
	width: 100%;
}

.navbar {
	height: 4rem;
	line-height: 4rem;
	width: 100%;
}

.navbar .container {
	width: auto;
	max-width: 1200px;
	text-align: center;
	margin: 0 auto;
	display: flex;
	justify-content: space-between;
}

.main {
	flex-grow: 1;
	flex-shrink: 0;
	flex-basis: auto;
}

.container {
	padding-left: 1em;
	padding-right: 1em;
}

.footer {
	width: 100%;
	text-align: center;
}


/*input css begin*/

* {
	-webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
}

input[type="checkbox"],
input[type="radio"] {
	display: none;
	width: 0;
	height: 0;
	visibility: hidden;
}

input[type="checkbox"]:checked + label:after {
	transition: all 0.3s ease-in;
}

input[type="checkbox"]:not(:checked) + label:after {
	transition: all 0.3s ease-out;
}

input[type="checkbox"]:checked + label,
    input[type="checkbox"]:not(:checked) + label {
	transition: all 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

input[type="checkbox"]:checked + label:before,
        input[type="checkbox"]:checked + label i:before,
        input[type="checkbox"]:not(:checked) + label i:before,
        input[type="checkbox"]:checked + label i:after,
        input[type="checkbox"]:not(:checked) + label i:after,
        input[type="checkbox"]:not(:checked) + label:before {
	transition: all 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

input[type="radio"]:checked + label:after,
    input[type="radio"]:not(:checked) + label:after {
	transition: all 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

.switch_default + label {
	background-color: #e6e6e6;
	border-radius: 7px;
	cursor: pointer;
	display: inline-block;
	height: 14px;
	position: relative;
	box-shadow: 0.2px 0.2px 1px 0.5px rgb(180, 180, 180);
	width: 30px;
}

.switch_default + label:after {
	background-color: #fff;
	border-radius: 50%;
	content: "";
	height: 12px;
	left: 1px;
	position: absolute;
	top: .5px;
	width: 12px;
	box-shadow: 0.2px 0.2px 1px 0.5px rgb(180, 180, 180);
}

.switch_default:checked + label {
	background-color: #1ABC9C;
	box-shadow: none;
}

.switch_default:checked + label:after {
	left: 17px;
}

@font-face {
	font-family: "iconfont";
    src: url('//at.alicdn.com/t/font_1313145_r9szngeugmj.eot?t=1566619028667'); /* IE9 */
    src: url('//at.alicdn.com/t/font_1313145_r9szngeugmj.eot?t=1566619028667#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'), /* IE6-IE8 */
    url('data:application/x-font-woff2;charset=utf-8;base64,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') format('woff2'), url('//at.alicdn.com/t/font_1313145_r9szngeugmj.woff?t=1566619028667') format('woff'), url('//at.alicdn.com/t/font_1313145_r9szngeugmj.ttf?t=1566619028667') format('truetype'), /* chrome, firefox, opera, Safari, Android, iOS 4.2+ */
    url('//at.alicdn.com/t/font_1313145_r9szngeugmj.svg?t=1566619028667#iconfont') format('svg'); /* iOS 4.1- */
}

.iconfont {
	font-family: "iconfont" !important;
	font-size: 16px;
	font-style: normal;
	-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
	-moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
}

.iconread:before {
	content: "\e742";
}

.iconweixin:before {
	content: "\e632";
}

.iconmanage:before {
	content: "\e610";
}

.iconapi:before {
	content: "\e668";
}

.iconcode:before {
	content: "\e654";
}

.icongithub:before {
	content: "\ea0a";
}

.iconnotes:before {
	content: "\e687";
}

.header-logo a {
	padding: 0;
}

.navbar .menu a {
	padding: 0 8px;
}

.navbar .menu .active {
	font-weight: 900;
	color: #161209;
}

.dark-theme .navbar .menu .active {
	color: #fff;
}

.navbar-header a:hover,
.navbar .menu a:hover {
	background-color: transparent;
}

header label {
	margin-left: 15px;
	position: relative;
	-webkit-transform: translateY(0.1em) translateX(0.5em);
}

.copyright {
	font-size: 14px;
}

.pagination {
	display: flex;
	flex-direction: row;
	justify-content: center;
	list-style: none;
	white-space: nowrap;
	width: 100%;
	padding-top: 2em;
}

.pagination a,
    .pagination span {
	-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
	font-size: 12px;
	color: #bfbfbf;
	letter-spacing: 0.1em;
	font-weight: 700;
	padding: 5px 5px;
	text-decoration: none;
	transition: 0.3s;
}

.pagination .page-number {
	padding-bottom: 3px;
	margin: 0 20px;
	box-sizing: border-box;
	position: relative;
	display: inline;
}

.pagination .page-number.disabled {
	display: none;
}

.pagination .page-number:hover a {
	color: #000;
}

.dark-theme .pagination .page-number:hover a {
	color: #fff;
}

.pagination .page-number:before,
.pagination .page-number:after {
	position: absolute;
	content: "";
	width: 0;
	height: 1px;
	background: #000;
	transition: 0.3s;
	bottom: 0px;
}

.dark-theme .pagination .page-number:before,
.dark-theme .pagination .page-number:after {
	background: #fff;
}

.pagination .page-number:before .current,
.pagination .page-number:after .current {
	width: 100%;
}

.pagination .page-number:before {
	left: 50%;
}

.pagination .page-number:after {
	right: 50%;
}

.pagination .page-number:hover:before,
.pagination .page-number:hover:after {
	width: 50%;
}

.pagination .page-number.current {
	color: #000;
}

.dark-theme .pagination .page-number.current {
	color: #fff;
}

.pagination .page-number.current:before,
.pagination .page-number.current:after {
	width: 60%;
}

.intro {
	transform: translateY(20vh);
	text-align: center;
}

.intro .avatar {
	padding: 10px;
}

.intro .avatar img {
	width: 128px;
	height: auto;
	display: inline-block;
	-webkit-border-radius: 100%;
	border-radius: 100%;
	-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 0.3618em rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05);
	box-shadow: 0 0 0 0.3618em rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05);
	margin: 0 auto;
	-webkit-transition: all ease 0.4s;
	-moz-transition: all ease 0.4s;
	-o-transition: all ease 0.4s;
	transition: all ease 0.4s;
	cursor: pointer;
}

.intro .avatar img:hover {
	position: relative;
	-webkit-transform: translateY(-0.75em);
	-moz-transform: translateY(-0.75em);
	-ms-transform: translateY(-0.75em);
	-o-transform: translateY(-0.75em);
	transform: translateY(-0.75em);
	cursor: pointer;
}

.nickname {
	font-size: 2em;
	font-weight: normal;
}

.links a {
	padding: 0 5px;
}

.links a:hover {
	background-color: transparent;
}

.links .iconfont {
	font-size: 2em;
}

.post-wrap {
	position: relative;
	width: 100%;
	max-width: 1024px;
	margin: 0 auto;
	padding-top: 2rem;
}

.archive-item-date {
	float: right;
	text-align: right;
	color: #a9a9b3;
}

.dark-theme .archive-item-date {
	color: #87878d;
}

.post-wrap .categories-card {
	margin: 0 auto;
	margin-top: 1em;
	display: flex;
	align-items: center;
	justify-content: space-between;
	flex-direction: row;
	flex-wrap: wrap;
	padding: 0 2.5em;
	line-height: 1.6em;
}

.post-wrap .categories-card .card-item {
	font-size: 14px;
	text-align: left;
	width: 50%;
	display: flex;
	align-items: flex-start;
	position: relative;
}

.post-wrap .categories-card .card-item .categories {
	overflow: hidden;
}

.categories h3 {
	display: inline-block;
}

.categories span {
	float: right;
	padding-right: 1em;
}

.categories .more-post-link {
	float: right;
}

.tag-cloud-tags {
	margin: 10px 0;
	padding-top: 2em;
}

.tag-cloud-tags a {
	display: inline-block;
	position: relative;
	margin: 5px 10px;
	word-wrap: break-word;
	transition-duration: 0.3s;
	transition-property: transform;
	transition-timing-function: ease-out;
}

.tag-cloud-tags a:active,
        .tag-cloud-tags a:focus,
        .tag-cloud-tags a:hover {
	color: #5A9600;
	transform: scale(1.1);
}

.dark-theme .tag-cloud-tags a:active,
.dark-theme .tag-cloud-tags a:focus,
.dark-theme .tag-cloud-tags a:hover {
	color: #fff;
}

.tag-cloud-tags a small {
	margin: 0 0.3em;
	color: #a9a9b3;
}

.dark-theme .tag-cloud-tags a small {
	color: #fff;
}

.page {
	padding-top: 0;
}

.page .post-content {
	margin: 0;
	padding-top: 0;
}

.post-wrap p {
	font-size: 1em;
	margin: 0.5em 0 0.5em 0;
}

.post-wrap .post-header h1 {
	margin: 0 !important;
}

.post-wrap .post-title {
	font-size: 2em;
	line-height: 1.5em;
}

.post-wrap .eror-tip {
	text-align: center;
	line-height: 1.5em;
	margin-top: 250px;
}

.post-wrap .post-meta {
	color: rgba(85, 85, 85, 0.529) !important;
}

.dark-theme .post-wrap .post-meta {
	color: #87878d !important;
}

.post-wrap .post-meta a {
	color: #000;
}

.dark-theme .post-wrap .post-meta a {
	color: #eee;
}

.post-wrap .post-meta a:hover {
	color: #5A9600;
}

.dark-theme .post-wrap .post-meta a:hover {
	color: #fff;
}

.post-content {
	padding-top: 2rem;
	text-align: justify;
}

.post-copyright {
	margin-top: 5rem;
	border-top: 1px solid #e8e8e8;
	border-bottom: 1px solid #e8e8e8;
}

.post-copyright a {
	color: #000;
}

.dark-theme .post-copyright a {
	color: #eee;
}

.post-copyright a:hover {
	color: #5A9600;
}

.dark-theme .post-copyright a:hover {
	color: #fff;
}

.post-copyright .copyright-item {
	margin: 5px 0;
}

.post-copyright .lincese {
	font-weight: bold;
}

.dark-theme .post-copyright {
	border-top: 1px solid #909196;
	border-bottom: 1px solid #909196;
}

.post-tags {
	padding: 1rem 0 1rem;
	display: flex;
	justify-content: space-between;
}

.post-nav:before,
.post-nav:after {
	content: " ";
	display: table;
}

.post-nav a.prev,
.post-nav a.next {
	font-weight: 600;
	font-size: 16px;
	transition-property: transform;
	transition-timing-function: ease-out;
	transition-duration: 0.3s;
}

.post-nav a.prev {
	float: left;
}

.post-nav a.prev::before {
	content: "<";
	margin-right: 0.5em;
}

.post-nav a.prev:hover {
	transform: translateX(-4px);
}

.post-nav a.next {
	float: right;
}

.post-nav a.next::after {
	content: ">";
	margin-left: 0.5em;
}

.post-nav a.next:hover {
	transform: translateX(4px);
}

.post-nav a.prev::before,
    .post-nav a.next::after {
	font-weight: bold;
}

.tag:not(:last-child) a::after {
	content: " / ";
}

@media only screen and (min-device-width: 320px) and (max-device-width: 1024px) {
	.main {
		padding-top: 40pt;
	}

	.navbar {
		display: none;
	}

	.navbar-mobile {
		display: block !important;
		position: fixed;
		width: 100%;
		z-index: 100;
		transition: all 0.6s ease 0s;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container {
		padding: 0;
		margin: 0;
		line-height: 5.5em;
		background: #fff;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header {
		display: flex;
		justify-content: space-between;
		align-items: center;
		width: 100%;
		padding-right: 1em;
		padding-left: 1em;
		box-sizing: border-box;
		position: relative;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle {
		cursor: pointer;
		line-height: 5.5em;
		padding: auto 2em;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle span {
		display: block;
		background: #000;
		width: 36px;
		height: 2px;
		-webkit-border-radius: 3px;
		-moz-border-radius: 3px;
		border-radius: 3px;
		-webkit-transition: 0.25s margin 0.25s, 0.25s transform;
		-moz-transition: 0.25s margin 0.25s, 0.25s transform;
		transition: 0.25s margin 0.25s, 0.25s transform;
	}

	.dark-theme .navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle span {
		background: #a9a9b3;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle span:nth-child(1) {
		margin-bottom: 8px;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle span:nth-child(3) {
		margin-top: 8px;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle.active span {
		-webkit-transition: 0.25s margin, 0.25s transform 0.25s;
		-moz-transition: 0.25s margin, 0.25s transform 0.25s;
		transition: 0.25s margin, 0.25s transform 0.25s;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle.active span:nth-child(1) {
		-moz-transform: rotate(45deg) translate(4px, 6px);
		-ms-transform: rotate(45deg) translate(4px, 6px);
		-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg) translate(4px, 6px);
		transform: rotate(45deg) translate(4px, 6px);
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle.active span:nth-child(2) {
		opacity: 0;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .navbar-header .menu-toggle.active span:nth-child(3) {
		-moz-transform: rotate(-45deg) translate(8px, -10px);
		-ms-transform: rotate(-45deg) translate(8px, -10px);
		-webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg) translate(8px, -10px);
		transform: rotate(-45deg) translate(8px, -10px);
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .menu {
		text-align: center;
		background: #fff;
        /*border-top: 1px solid #000;*/
		padding-top: 1em;
		padding-bottom: 1em;
		display: none;
		box-shadow: 0px 2px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1), 0px 4px 8px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .menu a {
		display: inline-block;
		margin: 0 1em;
		line-height: 2.5em;
	}

	.navbar-mobile .container .menu.active {
		display: block;
		white-space: nowrap;
		box-sizing: border-box;
		overflow-x: auto;
	}

	.dark-theme .navbar-mobile .container .menu {
		background: #292a2d;
        /*border-top: 1px solid #87878d;*/
	}

	.dark-theme .navbar-mobile .container {
		background: #292a2d !important;
	}

	.archive {
		width: 90%;
	}

	.archive .archive-item .archive-item-date {
		display: none;
	}

	#dynamic-to-top {
		display: none !important;
	}

	.footer {
		height: 3rem;
		width: 100%;
		text-align: center;
		line-height: 1.5rem;
		padding-top: 2em;
	}

	.post-warp {
		padding-top: 6em;
	}

	.post-warp .archive-item-date {
		display: none;
	}

	.categories .categories-card .card-item {
		width: 100%;
		display: flex;
		min-height: 0;
	}

	.categories .categories-card .card-item .categories {
		overflow: hidden;
	}

	.signature-img {
		width: 100%;
	}

	.signature-box img {
		height: 100px !important;
	}

	.signature-img img {
		height: 100px;
	}

	.signature-action, .vip-action {
		width: 100%;
	}

	.signature-action select, .vip-action select {
		width: 100%;
	}

	.signature-action input, .vip-action input {
		width: 200px;
		float: left;
		margin-top: 5px;
	}

	.signature-action button, .vip-action button {
		width: 200px;
		margin-top: 5px;
	}

	.mta-box {
		width: 100% !important;
	}

	.mta-a ul li {
		width: 100% !important;
	}

	.navbar-mobile {
		display: none;
	}
}

@media only screen and (min-device-width: 768px) {
	.navbar-mobile {
		display: none;
	}
}

@media only screen and (min-width: 1024px) {
	.navbar-mobile {
		display: none;
	}
}

.loader {
	box-sizing: content-box;
	display: block;
	position: absolute;
	top: 50%;
	left: 50%;
	margin: 0;
	text-align: center;
	z-index: 1000;
	-webkit-transform: translateX(-50%) translateY(-50%);
	transform: translateX(-50%) translateY(-50%);
}

.loader:before {
	position: absolute;
	content: '';
	top: 0;
	left: 50%;
	width: 50px;
	height: 50px;
	margin: 0 0 0 -25px;
	border-radius: 50px;
	border: 4px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, .1);
}

.loader:after {
	position: absolute;
	content: '';
	top: 0;
	left: 50%;
	width: 50px;
	height: 50px;
	margin: 0 0 0 -25px;
	animation: loader .6s linear;
	animation-iteration-count: infinite;
	border-radius: 50px;
	border: 4px solid transparent;
	border-top-color: #767676;
	box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px transparent;
}

@keyframes loader {
	from {
		-webkit-transform: rotate(0deg);
		transform: rotate(0deg);
	}

	to {
		-webkit-transform: rotate(360deg);
		transform: rotate(360deg);
	}
}

.dark-theme .post-content {
	background: #292a2d !important;
	color: #eee !important;
}

.dark-theme .post-content p code, .dark-theme .post-content ul li code {
	background: #292a2d !important;
}

.apps {
	color: red;
	font-weight: bold;
}

.signature-box {
	margin-top: 100px;
	text-align: center;
}

.signature-box img {
	border: none;
	height: 145px;
	margin-bottom: 50px;
}

.signature-action select, .vip-action select {
	height: 30px;
}

.signature-action input, .vip-action input {
	height: 25px;
	padding-left: 5px;
}

.signature-action input:focus, .vip-action input:focus {
	outline: none;
}

.signature-action button, .vip-action button {
	width: 135px;
	height: 30px;
}

.tag-cloud-tags-extend {
	padding-top: 0;
}

.hidden {
	display: none;
}

.vip-action {
	text-align: center;
}

.imgbox {
	width: 70%;
	text-align: center;
	margin: 80px auto 0;
}

.imgbox img {
	max-width: 100%;
	max-height: 100%;
}

.girl-qrcode {
	text-align: center;
}

.girl-img {
	width: 20%;
}

.btnbox {
	text-align: center;
	margin-top: 20px;
}

.tab-box {
	margin: 0 auto;
	margin-top: 50px;
	width: 1150px;
}

.top-tab {
	font-weight: bold;
	float: left;
	margin-top: 5px;
}

.top-tab ul li {
	list-style: none;
}

.top-tab ul li a.archive {
	color: #5A9600;
}

.top-content {
	float: left;
}

.top-content ul li {
	list-style: none;
	height: 35px;
	line-height: 35px;
	width: 888px;
	overflow: hidden;
	text-overflow: ellipsis;
	white-space: nowrap;
}

.mta-box {
	width: 75%;
	margin: 100px auto 0;
}

.mta-a {
	margin: 20px 68px 50px 20px;
}

.mta-a ul {
	width: auto;
	display: none;
}

.mta-a ul li {
	float: left;
	width: 25%;
	list-style: none;
}

.mta-a-item {
	margin: 0 10px;
	border: 1px solid #e1e1e1;
	background: #fff;
	min-height: 60px;
}

.mta-a-title {
	padding: 16px 16px 0;
	height: 20px;
	line-height: 20px;
}

.mta-a-value {
	height: 100%;
	font-size: 30px;
	height: 24px;
	margin: 20px 0 20px 30px;
}

.mta-date {
	text-align: right;
	padding-right: 5px;
}

.dark-theme .mta-a-item {
	border: 1px solid #a9a9b3;
	background: transparent;
}

.qrcode {
	width: 120px;
	z-index: 99999;
	opacity: 0.8;
	margin: 20px auto 0;
}

.qrcode img {
	width: 100%;
}

.soul {
	text-align: center;
	margin-top: 200px;
}

.soul-btn {
	background-color: #5a9600;
	border: 5px;
	color: white;
	padding: 15px 32px;
	text-align: center;
	text-decoration: none;
	display: inline-block;
	font-size: 16px;
	margin: 4px 2px;
	cursor: pointer;
	-webkit-transition-duration: 0.4s;
	transition-duration: 0.4s;
}

.soul-btn:hover {
	box-shadow: 0 12px 16px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.24),0 17px 50px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.19);
}

在css中用到了开源的 FiraCode 字体,可以自己去下载,不过在css中我已经改为远程地址了。

删掉 wwwroot/sample-data、wwwroot/css/bootstrap、wwwroot/css/open-iconic 三个文件夹。

在wwwroot文件夹下,有一个index.html,这个是我们网站的入口,注意里面有一对标签:<app>Loading...</app>,这个标签里面的内容会在 wasm 加载完毕后自动清除掉,所以,一般可以用来做加载提示。

现在改造一下index.html,代码如下:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="keywords" content="Meowv,qix,阿星Plus,个人博客">
    <meta name="description" content="阿星Plus的个人博客,用于发表原创文章,关注微信公众号:『阿星Plus』了解更多。">
    <title>阿星Plus⭐⭐⭐</title>
    <base href="/" />
    <link href="css/app.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>

<body>
    <app>
        <div class="loader"></div>
    </app>
    <script src="_framework/blazor.webassembly.js"></script>
</body>

</html>

千万注意,blazor.webassembly.js 这个js不可以删除,会在项目打包后自动生成这个js文件。

然后我们一点一点完善,Program.cs默认就行暂时不需要做任何改动。

Pages文件夹内的Razor组件就是我们的具体页面了,干掉默认的Counter.razorFetchData.razor,留下Index.razor,当作我们的首页。

Shared文件夹内可以放一些共享的组件,比如我们的模板MainLayout.razor就在里面,它需要继承LayoutComponentBase

所以现在可以来修改一下我们的模板内容。

以我博客的UI架构而言,博客分为了三个部分,头部、尾部、内容。

@inherits LayoutComponentBase

<div class="wrapper">
    <Header />
    @Body
    <Footer />
</div>

@Body为固定语法,表示这里是内容部分,其他的不变,只在这里填充内容。

在Shared文件夹中添加两个组件,头部:Header.razor、尾部:Footer.razor

Header.razor的内容如下:

<!-- Header.razor -->
<header>
    <nav class="navbar">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="navbar-header header-logo">
                <NavLink class="menu-item" href="/" Match="NavLinkMatch.All">
                    阿星Plus
                </NavLink>
            </div>
            <div class="menu navbar-right">
                <NavLink class="menu-item" href="posts">Posts</NavLink>
                <NavLink class="menu-item" href="categories">Categories</NavLink>
                <NavLink class="menu-item" href="tags">Tags</NavLink>
                <NavLink class="menu-item apps" href="apps">Apps</NavLink>
                <input id="switch_default" type="checkbox" class="switch_default" />
                <label for="switch_default" class="toggleBtn"></label>
            </div>
        </div>
    </nav>
    <nav class="navbar-mobile">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="navbar-header">
                <div>
                    <NavLink class="menu-item" href="" Match="NavLinkMatch.All">阿星Plus</NavLink>
                    <NavLink >&nbsp;·&nbsp;Light</NavLink>
                </div>
                <div class="menu-toggle">&#9776; Menu</div>
            </div>
            <div class="menu">
                <NavLink class="menu-item" href="posts">Posts</NavLink>
                <NavLink class="menu-item" href="categories">Categories</NavLink>
                <NavLink class="menu-item" href="tags">Tags</NavLink>
                <NavLink class="menu-item apps" href="apps">Apps</NavLink>
            </div>
        </div>
    </nav>
</header>

可以看到有很多的NavLink组件,这是我将a标签转换后的内容,其实最终生成的也是我们熟悉的a标签,不过他自然有独特用处,看介绍:

创建导航链接时,请使用 NavLink 组件代替 HTML 超链接元素 (<a>)。 NavLink 组件的行为方式类似于 <a> 元素,但它根据其 href 是否与当前 URL 匹配来切换 active CSS 类。 active 类可帮助用户了解所显示导航链接中的哪个页面是活动页面。

Footer.razor的内容如下:

<!-- Footer.razor -->
<footer id="footer" class="footer">
    <div class="copyright">
        <span>
            Powered by <a target="_blank" href="http://dot.net">.NET Core 3.1</a> and <a href="http://blazor.net/">Blazor</a> on Linux
        </span>
    </div>
</footer>

然后删掉默认的多余的组件:NavMenu.razorSurveyPrompt.razor

还有一个_Imports.razor,这个就是用来导入命名空间的,放在这里面就相当于全局引用了。

现在去编辑我们的首页Index.razor

@page "/"

<div class="main">
    <div class="container">
        <div class="intro">
            <div class="avatar">
                <a href="javascript:;"><img src="https://static.meowv.com/images/avatar.jpg"></a>
            </div>
            <div class="nickname">阿星Plus</div>
            <div class="description">
                <p>
                    生命不息,奋斗不止
                    <br>Cease to struggle and you cease to live
                </p>
            </div>
            <div class="links">
                <NavLink class="link-item" title="Posts" href="posts">
                    <i class="iconfont iconread"></i>
                </NavLink>
                <NavLink target="_blank" class="link-item" title="Notes" href="https://notes.meowv.com/">
                    <i class="iconfont iconnotes"></i>
                </NavLink>
                <NavLink target="_blank" class="link-item" title="API" href="https://api.meowv.com/">
                    <i class="iconfont iconapi"></i>
                </NavLink>
                <NavLink class="link-item" title="Manage" href="/account/auth">
                    <i class="iconfont iconcode"></i>
                </NavLink>
                <NavLink target="_blank" class="link-item" title="Github" href="https://github.com/Meowv/">
                    <i class="iconfont icongithub"></i>
                </NavLink>
                <NavLink class="link-item weixin" title="扫码关注微信公众号:『阿星Plus』查看更多。">
                    <i class="iconfont iconweixin"></i>
                </NavLink>
                <div class="qrcode">
                    <img src="https://static.meowv.com/images/wx_qrcode.jpg" />
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

@page指令用于设置页面路由地址,因为是首页,所以直接给一个”/”就可以了。

至此项目算是搭建完成并且将其改造了一番,现在可以去运行一下看看效果了。

第一次打开或者强制刷新页面会出现加载中的界面,我这里就是一个小圈圈在那里转,当加载完毕后就会自动消失,什么都不需要干,太方便了。

现在已经成功将首页的显示搞定了,随便点击几个按钮试试,会输出一个错误提示:Sorry, there’s nothing at this address,因为没有找到这些路由,所以就…

默认的有点丑,并且这句提示当然也可以自定义的,现在来看最后的一个组件App.razor

<Router AppAssembly="@typeof(Program).Assembly">
    <Found Context="routeData">
        <RouteView RouteData="@routeData" DefaultLayout="@typeof(MainLayout)" />
    </Found>
    <NotFound>
        <LayoutView Layout="@typeof(MainLayout)">
            <p>Sorry, there's nothing at this address.</p>
        </LayoutView>
    </NotFound>
</Router>

通过语义化的代码不难理解,Found就是找到与之匹配的路由,然后调用模板MainLayoutNotFound就是没有找到的情况下,使用MainLayout并且在@body输出一句提示。

将这句错误提示做成一个公共的组件并且美化一下,在Shared文件夹下新建组件:ErrorTip.razor,内容如下:

<div class="main">
    <div class="post-wrap">
        <h2 class="eror-tip">Sorry, there's nothing at this address.</h2>
    </div>
</div>

使用组件也很简单,在App.razor中删掉默认的p标签然后调用ErrorTip

...
    <NotFound>
        <LayoutView Layout="@typeof(MainLayout)">
            <ErrorTip />
        </LayoutView>
    </NotFound>
...

再看一下打开了不存在路由的页面的错误提示吧。

哈哈哈,是不是好看许多,接下来会完成主题切换,菜单展开关闭等等功能,其实这些可以用JavaScript很方便的实现,但是既然用了 Blazor 开发,所以还是用 .NET 代码实现吧。

本篇就先到这里,未完待续…

开源地址:https://github.com/Meowv/Blog/tree/blog_tutorial

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